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Home » Volume 27, 2012 » Issue No. 5
MECHANICAL PULPING
The influence of fiber dimensions on mechanical pulp long fiber tensile index and density
Sofia Reyier Österling, Olof Ferritsius, and Rita Ferritsius
Abstract
This study discusses how fiber dimensions affect the tensile index and density of long fiber laboratory sheets. Five commercial mechanical pulps (three TMP grades, one SGW and one CTMP) were fractionated into five streams in a hydrocyclone pilot plant. Fiber dimensions and fibrillation were analyzed of the P16/R30 and P30/R50 fractions and compared to the sheet properties. For comparison, samples were also analyzed by SEM cross-sectional image analysis and in a MorFi Lab optical analyzer.
Fibrillation index showed a high positive influence on long fiber tensile index and density, whereas fiber wall thickness, fiber width, and collapse resistance index a negative. Fiber width showed the vaguest correlation to long fiber tensile index and density of the analyzed fiber properties, but this increased when combined with fiber wall thickness into collapse resistance index, CRI. The correlations between fiber properties and sheet properties were on different levels for the different mechanical pulping processes, but a combination of collapse resistance index and fibrillation index into the novel factor BIN, Bonding ability INfluence, gave one linear relation of high correlation to long fiber tensile index for all pulps, except the SGW P30/R50 fraction, which showed the same linear correlation on a slightly lower level. BIN should be a useful tool in characterizing mechanical pulp fibers.
Keywords
Bonding ability, Collapse resistance, Fiber characterization, Fiber wall thickness, Fiber width, FiberLab, Fibrillation, Mechanical pulp, MorFi Lab, Optical analyzer, SEM image analysis, Sheet properties
Pages
844-859
Full text
PDF Document N2012-27-05-p844-859-Reyier.pdf (1501KB)
The influence of fiber dimensions on mechanical pulp long fiber tensile index and density (2012-27-05-p844-859-Reyier.pdf)